L-carnosine

L-carnosineBackground L-carnosine is a dipeptide comprised of two amino acids such as β-alanine and L-histidine and is naturally found in muscle and heart tissues, the brain, and the liver. It has a powerful antioxidant function and protects and stabilizes cell membranes by inhibiting oxidative stress caused by free radicals. It also acts as a metal…

NADH

NADHBackground NADH stands for “Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide (NAD) + Hydrogen (H)” which is the active coenzyme form of Vitamin B3 (niacin). NADH is the reduced form of NAD+, and NAD+ is the oxidized form of NADH. It is a coenzyme composed of ribosylnicotinamide 5′-diphosphate coupled to adenosine 5′-phosphate by pyrophosphate linkage.  NADH can occur naturally…

Pyrroloquinoline Quinone (PQQ)

Pyrroloquinoline Quinone (PQQ)Background Pyrroloquinoline quinone, also known as PQQ or Methoxatin, is a natural compound and redox cofactor, capable of reducing oxidants, found in plant-based foods. PQQ is a powerful antioxidant and activates pathways in the body that can promote cellular energy metabolism. It helps support mitochondrial function (producing more of them and increasing their…

Taurine

TaurineBackground Taurine, also known as 2-aminoethane sulphonic acid or L-Taurine, is an organic acid containing sulfur in it. Though human body is able to produce taurine, it’s not in sufficient quantities. So, taurine is a conditionally essential amino acid for humans. It is found in foods, in the highest amounts in meats, and is a…

Ashwagandha

Ashwagandha Background Popularly known as the king of Ayurvedic herbs, Ashwagandha has traditionally been used to strengthen the immune system, improve both mental and physical performance. In Sanskrit, Ashwagandha means “smell of horse” that refers to the strength and vigor of a stallion. Its botanical name is Withania Somnifera, and also known by several other…