NADH

NADHBackground NADH stands for “Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide (NAD) + Hydrogen (H)” which is the active coenzyme form of Vitamin B3 (niacin). NADH is the reduced form of NAD+, and NAD+ is the oxidized form of NADH. It is a coenzyme composed of ribosylnicotinamide 5′-diphosphate coupled to adenosine 5′-phosphate by pyrophosphate linkage.  NADH can occur naturally…

Oat Straw

Oat StrawBackground Oat Straw, also known as Avena sativa, sometimes called the common oat, is a natural nootropic for enhancing cognitive performance.[1] Oat straw is considered as a natural anti-stress nutrient and has a number of healing properties and cognitive enhancement effects, such as increased attention span, improved mental performance in impaired individuals, relief of…

Pyrroloquinoline Quinone (PQQ)

Pyrroloquinoline Quinone (PQQ)Background Pyrroloquinoline quinone, also known as PQQ or Methoxatin, is a natural compound and redox cofactor, capable of reducing oxidants, found in plant-based foods. PQQ is a powerful antioxidant and activates pathways in the body that can promote cellular energy metabolism. It helps support mitochondrial function (producing more of them and increasing their…