CDP-choline

CDP-choline Background CDP-choline, also known as Citicoline or Cytidine Diphosphocholine, is a nutritional supplement and source of choline and cytidine with potential neuroprotective and nootropic activity.[1] It is known as an endogenous organic molecule that helps enhance membrane maintenance, membrane repair, and neuronal function in conditions such as ischemic and traumatic injuries. It also has…

Fascoracetam

FascoracetamBackground Fasoracetam, (also known as NS-105, LAM-105) with a chemical structure of (5R)-5-(piperidine-1-carbonyl) pyrrolidin-2-one, is a powerful nootropic compound of the racetam-class family. Initially developed for the dealing with Alzheimers Disease by Japanese pharmaceutical company Nippon Shinyaku, this nootropic supplement appears to improve the symptoms of ADHD in adolescents. Fasoracetam has been very much popular…

Ginko Biloba

Ginko Biloba Background Ginkgo biloba (the scientific name Salisburia adiantifolia) is a medicinal plant from traditional Chinese medicine that is commonly called ‘Maidenhair tree’, and this herbal supplement has a long history of use in treating blood disorders and memory issues. It is best known today as way to potentially keep your memory sharp. The…

Is piracetam safe? Does piracetam cause headaches?

Is piracetam safe? Does piracetam cause headaches?What is Piracetam? Piracetam is known as the parent compound of the racetam family of nootropic supplements which are a group of synthetic derivative of the neurotransmitter GABA. For whatsoever grounds, this derivative works wonders for individuals with memory loss and also improves the memory of ordinary students and…

Centrophenoxine

CentrophenoxineBackground Centrophenoxine, also known by its brand name as Lucidril, Centro, and/or Meclofenoxate, is a cholinergic compound with a DMAE (Dimethylaminoethanol) component, and acts as a better absorbed transporter of DMAE into the brain. Centrophenoxine is considered to be one of the original nootropics which is well-known to improve mental performance in the areas of…

Phenylpiracetam

PhenylpiracetamBackground Phenylpiracetam, the brand name of either Phenotropil or Carphedon, is a piracetam derivative and also a member of the racetam family, has an additional phenyl group at position 4 of the 2-oxopyrrolidine ring. It was first developed in Russia as a nootropic or cognitive enhancing compound that may have anti-amnesic, antidepressant, anticonvulsant, anxiolytic, and…