Tyrosine

TyrosineBackground Tyrosine, also known as L-tyrosine, is a potent fragrant amino acid and a building block for proteins. Tyrosine is found in many high-protein foods such as cheese, chicken, and eggs. While supplementing, Tyrosine is a precursor to neurotransmitters, and is converted into L-DOPA and then into active catecholamines (adrenaline/epinephrine, noradrenaline/norepinephrine, and dopamine). These catecholamines are…

NADH

NADHBackground NADH stands for “Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide (NAD) + Hydrogen (H)” which is the active coenzyme form of Vitamin B3 (niacin). NADH is the reduced form of NAD+, and NAD+ is the oxidized form of NADH. It is a coenzyme composed of ribosylnicotinamide 5′-diphosphate coupled to adenosine 5′-phosphate by pyrophosphate linkage.  NADH can occur naturally…

N-Acetyl L-Cysteine

N-Acetyl L-CysteineBackground N-Acetyl L-Cysteine (NAC), also known as L-cysteine or N-Acetylcysteine or N-Acetyl-Cysteine, is a form of the amino acid L-cysteine. This supplement is so much valued for its ability to increase glutathione levels in the body, which is extremely important for lung function, brain function and liver detoxification. Due to a number of health…

Nefiracetam

NefiracetamBackground Nefiracetam, also known as DM-9384, N-(2, 6-dimethylphenyl)-2-(2-oxopyrrolidine-1-yl)-acetamide, is a new nootropic compound belonging to the racetam family. Though, originally Nefiracetam was derived from Piracetam, it actually shares more structural similarities to the supplement Aniracetam. Both nefiracetam and aniracetam are fat soluble racetam drugs for the purpose of memory enhancement as well as cognitive enhancement.…

Oat Straw

Oat StrawBackground Oat Straw, also known as Avena sativa, sometimes called the common oat, is a natural nootropic for enhancing cognitive performance.[1] Oat straw is considered as a natural anti-stress nutrient and has a number of healing properties and cognitive enhancement effects, such as increased attention span, improved mental performance in impaired individuals, relief of…

Picamilon

PicamilonBackground Picamilon, also known as N-nicotinoyl-GABA, nicotinyl-gamma-aminobutyric acid, pycamilon, and pikamilon, is a great nootropic drug formed by a synthetic combination of niacin molecule (vitamin B1) and GABA. It is a naturally occurring or synthetic substance that inhibits or retards oxidation reactions. This supplement is most commonly used to specifically facilitate learning or memory, particularly…

Pine Bark Extract (Pycnogenol)

Pine Bark Extract (Pycnogenol)Background Pine Bark Extract (Pycnogenol) also known as Procyanidins, Pinus pinaster, Flavangenol and/or Oligopin, is commonly used as a nutritive supplement and thought to have strong antioxidant properties. Actually, Pycnogenol is a patented formulation of Pine Bark Extract which is standardized to 65-75% Procyanidin compounds by weight. Procyanidins are chain-like structures consisted…

Phosphatidylcholine (PC)

Phosphatidylcholine (PC)Background Phosphatidylcholine (PC) is one of the most abundant phospholipids with a choline attachment found in cell membranes. Sometimes it’s believed that phosphatidylcholine and lecithin are used interchangeably, but they are actually different things. Your body uses phosphatidylcholine to make a brain chemical called acetylcholine. It is often used for some “brain-centered” conditions such…

Pyrroloquinoline Quinone (PQQ)

Pyrroloquinoline Quinone (PQQ)Background Pyrroloquinoline quinone, also known as PQQ or Methoxatin, is a natural compound and redox cofactor, capable of reducing oxidants, found in plant-based foods. PQQ is a powerful antioxidant and activates pathways in the body that can promote cellular energy metabolism. It helps support mitochondrial function (producing more of them and increasing their…

Tryptophan

TryptophanBackground Tryptophan, also called L-tryptophan, is an essential amino acid that acts like a natural mood regulator, as it has the ability to help the body naturally produce and balance certain hormones. Though essential amino acids are necessary for various body functions, the body cannot produce these compounds internally. So it is essential to obtain…